Skip to main content

Introduction

Archetype is an elegant generic-purpose language to develop Smart Contracts on the Tezos blockchain.

⚡️ It supports all Michelson features, but also provides exclusive high-level features for a precise and concise source code, that make contracts easier to develop, read and maintain.

It also enables formal verification of contracts by transcoding to the Why3 language.

How to install Archetype.

Business logic

Besides standard Michelson types, Archetype provides rational, date and duration types to make business logic easy to express.

archetype pay_with_penalty(holder : address, cost : tez, deadline : date)

entry pay () {
const penalty = now > deadline ? 7% * (now - deadline) / 1d : 0;
transfer ((1 + penalty) * cost) to holder
}

The pay entry point applies a penalty fee to the value transferred to holder, of 7% per day beyond the deadline .

Learn more about Rationals in Archetype...

Explicit execution conditions

Archetype provides a specific syntax to establish execution conditions so that the contract is easy to read and check.

archetype exec_cond_demo(admin : address, value : nat)

entry set_value (v : nat) {
called by admin
require {
r1: transferred > value otherwise "INSUFFICIENT_TRANSFERRED_AMOUNT";
r2: now < 2023-01-01 otherwise "TOO_LATE";
}
effect { value := v; }
}

The set_value entry point only executes if the sender is admin, if the transferred amount is greater than value, and if it is called before 2022.

Learn more about the sections of an Archetype contract...

Rich Storage API

The exclusive asset data container provides a rich API to access and manipulate collections of records:

  • add, addupate, remove, removeif
  • contains, get, nth
  • count, sum
  • sort, select
  • head, tail
  • ...
archetype asset_demo

asset vehicle {
vin : string;
nb_repairs : nat = 0;
}

entry incr(n : nat) {
vehicle.select(the.nb_repairs = n).update_all({ nb_repairs += 1 })
}

The incr entry point increments the nb_repairs field of vehicles with a number of repairs equal to n.

Learn more about assets...

State Machine

With Archetype, it is possible to design the contract as a state machine. Transitions may have guard conditions (like initialize) and effect on the storage (like terminate).

archetype state_machine_demo(value : tez, holder : address)

states =
| Created initial
| Initialized

transition initialize () {
from Created to Initialized
when { transferred > value }
}

State machines help make the overall process clear and transparent.

Learn more about state machines...

Formal Specification

Archetype provides a full-featured specification language for contract invariants and entry point postconditions.

specification entry repair_oldest () {
postcondition p1 {
0 <= vehicle.sum(nbrepairs) - before.vehicle.sum(nbrepairs) <= 3
}
}

Postcondition p1 of repair_oldest entry point specifies that the difference between the total number of repairs after the entry point's execution and before, is less or equal to 3.